Reference

Termination

It is questionable whether a library should be able to terminate an application. Any API function can signal an error (ex.: cannot allocate memory), so the engine use the termination approach with this port function.

/**
 * Signal the port that jerry experienced a fatal failure from which it cannot
 * recover.
 *
 * @param code gives the cause of the error.
 *
 * Note:
 *      Jerry expects the function not to return.
 *
 * Example: a libc-based port may implement this with exit() or abort(), or both.
 */
void jerry_port_fatal (jerry_fatal_code_t code);

Error codes

typedef enum
{
  ERR_OUT_OF_MEMORY = 10,
  ERR_SYSCALL = 11,
  ERR_REF_COUNT_LIMIT = 12,
  ERR_FAILED_INTERNAL_ASSERTION = 120
} jerry_fatal_code_t;

I/O

These are the only I/O functions jerry calls.

/**
 * Jerry log levels. The levels are in severity order
 * where the most serious levels come first.
 */
typedef enum
{
  JERRY_LOG_LEVEL_ERROR,    /**< the engine will terminate after the message is printed */
  JERRY_LOG_LEVEL_WARNING,  /**< a request is aborted, but the engine continues its operation */
  JERRY_LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG,    /**< debug messages from the engine, low volume */
  JERRY_LOG_LEVEL_TRACE     /**< detailed info about engine internals, potentially high volume */
} jerry_log_level_t;

/**
 * Display or log a debug/error message, and sends it to the debugger client as well.
 * The function should implement a printf-like interface, where the first argument
 * specifies the log level and the second argument specifies a format string on how
 * to stringify the rest of the parameter list.
 *
 * This function is only called with messages coming from the jerry engine as
 * the result of some abnormal operation or describing its internal operations
 * (e.g., data structure dumps or tracing info).
 *
 * It should be the port that decides whether error and debug messages are logged to
 * the console, or saved to a database or to a file.
 *
 * Example: a libc-based port may implement this with vfprintf(stderr) or
 * vfprintf(logfile), or both, depending on log level.
 *
 * Note:
 *      This port function is called by jerry-core when JERRY_ENABLE_LOGGING is
 *      defined. It is also common practice though to use this function in
 *      application code.
 */
void jerry_port_log (jerry_log_level_t level, const char *fmt, ...);

Date

/**
 * Get local time zone adjustment, in milliseconds, for the given timestamp.
 * The timestamp can be specified in either UTC or local time, depending on
 * the value of is_utc. Adding the value returned from this function to
 * a timestamp in UTC time should result in local time for the current time
 * zone, and subtracting it from a timestamp in local time should result in
 * UTC time.
 *
 * Ideally, this function should satisfy the stipulations applied to LocalTZA
 * in section 20.3.1.7 of the ECMAScript version 9.0 spec.
 *
 * See Also:
 *          ECMA-262 v9, 20.3.1.7
 *
 * Note:
 *      This port function is called by jerry-core when
 *      CONFIG_DISABLE_DATE_BUILTIN is _not_ defined. Otherwise this function is
 *      not used.
 *
 * @param unix_ms The unix timestamp we want an offset for, given in
 *                millisecond precision (could be now, in the future,
 *                or in the past). As with all unix timestamps, 0 refers to
 *                1970-01-01, a day is exactly 86 400 000 milliseconds, and
 *                leap seconds cause the same second to occur twice.
 * @param is_utc Is the given timestamp in UTC time? If false, it is in local
 *               time.
 *
 * @return milliseconds between local time and UTC for the given timestamp,
 *         if available
 *.        0 if not available / we are in UTC.
 */
double jerry_port_get_local_time_zone_adjustment (double unix_ms, bool is_utc);

/**
 * Get system time
 *
 * Note:
 *      This port function is called by jerry-core when
 *      CONFIG_DISABLE_DATE_BUILTIN is _not_ defined. It is also common practice
 *      in application code to use this function for the initialization of the
 *      random number generator.
 *
 * @return milliseconds since Unix epoch
 */
double jerry_port_get_current_time (void);

External context

Allow user to provide external buffer for isolated engine contexts, so that user can configure the heap size at runtime and run multiple JS applications simultaneously.

/**
 * Get the current context of the engine. Each port should provide its own
 * implementation of this interface.
 *
 * Note:
 *      This port function is called by jerry-core when
 *      JERRY_ENABLE_EXTERNAL_CONTEXT is defined. Otherwise this function is not
 *      used.
 *
 * @return the pointer to the engine context.
 */
struct jerry_context_t *jerry_port_get_current_context (void);

Sleep

/**
 * Makes the process sleep for a given time.
 *
 * Note:
 *      This port function is called by jerry-core when JERRY_DEBUGGER is
 *      defined. Otherwise this function is not used.
 *
 * @param sleep_time milliseconds to sleep.
 */
void jerry_port_sleep (uint32_t sleep_time);

How to port JerryScript

This section describes a basic port implementation which was created for Unix based systems.

Termination

#include <stdlib.h>
#include "jerryscript-port.h"

/**
 * Default implementation of jerry_port_fatal.
 */
void jerry_port_fatal (jerry_fatal_code_t code)
{
  exit (code);
} /* jerry_port_fatal */

I/O

#include <stdarg.h>
#include "jerryscript-port.h"

/**
 * Provide log message implementation for the engine.
 *
 * Note:
 *      This example ignores the log level.
 */
void
jerry_port_log (jerry_log_level_t level, /**< log level */
                const char *format, /**< format string */
                ...)  /**< parameters */
{
  va_list args;
  va_start (args, format);
  vfprintf (stderr, format, args);
  va_end (args);
} /* jerry_port_log */

Date

#include <time.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include "jerryscript-port.h"

/**
 * Default implementation of jerry_port_get_local_time_zone_adjustment.
 */
double jerry_port_get_local_time_zone_adjustment (double unix_ms, /**< ms since unix epoch */
                                                  bool is_utc)    /**< is the time above in UTC? */
{
  struct tm tm;
  time_t now = (time_t) (unix_ms / 1000);
  localtime_r (&now, &tm);
  if (!is_utc)
  {
    now -= tm.tm_gmtoff;
    localtime_r (&now, &tm);
  }
  return ((double) tm.tm_gmtoff) * 1000;
} /* jerry_port_get_local_time_zone_adjustment */

/**
 * Default implementation of jerry_port_get_current_time.
 */
double jerry_port_get_current_time (void)
{
  struct timeval tv;

  if (gettimeofday (&tv, NULL) != 0)
  {
    return 0;
  }

  return ((double) tv.tv_sec) * 1000.0 + ((double) tv.tv_usec) / 1000.0;
} /* jerry_port_get_current_time */

External context

#include "jerryscript-port.h"
#include "jerryscript-port-default.h"

/**
 * Pointer to the current context.
 * Note that it is a global variable, and is not a thread safe implementation.
 */
static jerry_context_t *current_context_p = NULL;

/**
 * Set the current_context_p as the passed pointer.
 */
void
jerry_port_default_set_current_context (jerry_context_t *context_p) /**< points to the created context */
{
  current_context_p = context_p;
} /* jerry_port_default_set_current_context */

/**
 * Get the current context.
 *
 * @return the pointer to the current context
 */
jerry_context_t *
jerry_port_get_current_context (void)
{
  return current_context_p;
} /* jerry_port_get_current_context */

Sleep

#include "jerryscript-port.h"
#include "jerryscript-port-default.h"

#ifdef HAVE_TIME_H
#include <time.h>
#elif defined (HAVE_UNISTD_H)
#include <unistd.h>
#endif /* HAVE_TIME_H */

#ifdef JERRY_DEBUGGER
void jerry_port_sleep (uint32_t sleep_time)
{
#ifdef HAVE_TIME_H
  nanosleep (&(const struct timespec)
  {
    (time_t) sleep_time / 1000, ((long int) sleep_time % 1000) * 1000000L /* Seconds, nanoseconds */
  }
  , NULL);
#elif defined (HAVE_UNISTD_H)
  usleep ((useconds_t) sleep_time * 1000);
#endif /* HAVE_TIME_H */
  (void) sleep_time;
} /* jerry_port_sleep */
#endif /* JERRY_DEBUGGER */